German Immigration – Steps and requirements on moving to Germany

This article focuses on German immigration and German immigration policies. People around the world are looking forward to moving to Germany. As a result, migrating to Germany is an important topic. Germany has good education system and employment opportunities. In addition, the economy is well-performing. Consequently, Germany is one of the most favourable countries to move to.

There are several ways a foreigner can move to Germany. However, the immigrant needs a valid reason. This is a list of the reasons for immigration to Germany.

  1. Germany Immigration for family reunions.
  2. Immigration for Entrepreneurs.
  3. Immigration for Education.
  4. Germany Immigration for employees.
  5. Types of German Immigration residence permits.

We dive deeper into the various reasons why a foreigner migrates to Germany. Also, we state the general requirements for immigration which apply to most of the reasons.

german immigration
german immigration

General German Immigration Requirements

Each of the five different ways of immigration above has specific requirements. However, there are general requirements that must be fulfilled for all immigrants. This section explains these general requirements. Below is a list of these general requirements:

  • Basic proficiency in the German language
  • Obtain a German Visa
  • Obtain your Health Insurance
  • Show proof of your financial stability

Basic proficiency in the German language

You will need to know German to be able to live in Germany. Because of this, you will have to take the German language exams and pass them. The German language exam has three proficiency levels: A for basic language skills, B for intermediate or proficient, and C for advanced language skills. Each of these sections is divided into two parts. A has A1 and A2, B has B1 and B2, then C has C1 and C2.

Consequently, you will have to pass at least A1 or B1 to be able to immigrate to Germany. Similarly, you have to pass C1 or C2 in order to get a permanent residence.

Obtain a German Visa

Types of German Visas

  1. Student Visa
  2. Business Visa
  3. Tourist/Visitor Visa
  4. Guest Scientist Visa
  5. Training/Internship Visa
  6. Work or Employment Visa
  7. Job Seeker Visa

Nationals from these countries need to obtain a visa before moving to Germany. On the other hand, all other nationals do not need a visa. Therefore citizens who do not need a visa can apply for a residence permit without getting a visa.

Obtain your Health Insurance

It is important to get German Health Insurance before moving to Germany. You will not be able to migrate to Germany without valid health insurance coverage. Preferably, get a German Health Insurance to be on the safe side. The German authorities may not accept foreign health insurance. This travel health insurance is required no matter the reason for immigration.

Show proof of your financial stability

As a German immigrant, you will have to take care of yourself before getting a job in Germany. That is to say, you will need to show proof that you can take care of yourself financially. You must prove to the consular officer that you have funds to take care of your initial expenses. For instance, prospective students must create a Blocked account.

Germany Immigration for family reunions.

An individual can travel to Germany and leave his/her family in the home country. Every child younger than 16 years and any spouse are allowed to apply for immigration to Germany to join their spouse or parent.

Children younger than 16 years must not learn the German language. On the other hand, children older than 16 years must provide proof of German language proficiency. They must also show that they can adapt and interact well. These children have to provide their birth certificates. For a spouse, they must provide a marriage certificate.

Spouses must have a German language certificate, at least A1, in order to immigrate. The spouse in the foreign country obtains the same kind of visa which their partner in Germany got. This means that the spouses must have the same visa type.

German Immigration for Entrepreneurs.

If you have €250,000 or more and are willing to invest in Germany, then be sure to immigrate to Germany. Germany welcomes investors and entrepreneurs. These investors obtain a visa which is the German Work Visa. However, the individual must prove that:

  • He/she has at least €250,000 to invest in Germany.
  • How the investment will benefit the German Economy
  • He/Her investment is needed in Germany.

You will get an unlimited extension of your residence permit if you maintain your status as an entrepreneur or investor in Germany. This gives you free entry and exit in and out of the country.

German Immigration for Education.

You need a German study visa to move to Germany and further your education. There are several requirements which must be met in order to obtain a German Study visa.

Germany is one of the best places to immigrate for education. This is because education in Germany is free. Fees are very low and affordable where they apply. Unlike other countries like the United States of America which have exorbitant fees, Germany has almost no tuition fees.

You can remain in Germany and find a job after your studies. Every student has a limited amount of time to find a job after their studies. More than 50% of students who complete their studies in German remain there to continue with a job.

German Immigration for employees.

It is difficult to immigrate to Germany as an unskilled worker. However, it is easier to immigrate to Germany as a skilled worker. Germany has a shortage of highly qualified people and skilled workers. Germany is in search of IT professionals, engineers, medical workers and other skilled and qualified professionals. As a result, German foreign immigration authorities have relaxed the strict requirements to work in Germany. This encourages professionals and skilled workers to immigrate to Germany.

This is the most demanded means to immigrate to Germany. These are the steps to move to Germany as a worker;

  • Apply for, and get accepted for a German job
  • Book an appointment and obtain a German Work (Employment) Visa
  • Travel to Germany and get a work residence permit.

As a foreigner on a work visa, you will be able to work as long as your residence permit allows. You can apply for an extension of residence permit if your employer wants to continue with you, and your residence permit is expiring. In addition, you can also apply for a permanent residence.

The employer will also have to prove that:

  • The employee will be treated in the same manner as any other German employee. Same salary and working conditions.
  • The employee is qualified for the position. The employee must have the work experience and educational background.
  • There was a shortage of skilled professionals in the EU or Germany who could fill that position.
  • The hiring company is a fully registered German Company with valid registration documents and certification.

Watch this video to understand how Immigration for Education and Employees works.

German Immigration

German residence permits can be temporary or permanent. You can stay for a specified period of time when offered a temporary residence permit. A permanent residence permit means that the foreigner can stay in Germany for as long as they want. They can also go in and out as many times as they want. However, this does not make you a German citizen. You get a residence permit when you get one of the above immigration visas.

Germany’s residence permits for immigrants.

Germany has 3 types of residence permits. Two of these are temporary while the other is permanent. In the rest of this article, we dig into these types of residence permits.

Standard Residence Permit

The standard residence is valid for a specified period of time. It can be extended. This residence permit is used for all immigration purposes stated herein. It is also for former Germans returning to Germany, and those who want to complete training courses. In addition, those travelling to Germany for political and humanitarian reasons are given this type of residence permit.

European Union Blue Card (EU Blue card)

You need to get a job in Germany with a minimum salary of €50,800 per annum in order to get a Blue card. The EU Blue Card is given to highly qualified professionals who want to apply their skills in Germany. These professionals must have an undergraduate or graduate degree in a given field. The European Union Blue Card is for non-EU citizens with a high qualification who want to work in Germany.

After working for 33 months, the EU Blue cardholder can apply for permanent residence. Also, the holder must meet the minimum financial requirements, and show German language proficiency to qualify for permanent residence. The European Union Blue Card grants its holders the right to stay in Germany for 48 months. In addition, the holder can change their residence permit to permanent settlement.

Permanent Residence Permit or Settlement permit

The German permanent residence permit is called Settlement Permit. It is given to those who have held the European Union Blue Card or Standard residence permit for at least 60 months. Also, the individual must meet certain financial requirements, and show some sufficient German language proficiency. However, this Settlement permit does not make the holder a German citizen.

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